John Swallow

Former Utah Attorney Generals John Swallow, Mark Shurtleff Arrested

Former Utah Attorney Generals John Swallow and Mark Shurtleff were arrested yesterday on a combined 23 corruption-related charges during their years in office as Utah’s top legal officials.  The pair’s arrest culminates a state-level investigation into the pair’s alleged “pay for play” activities, with charges of bribery, unreported income and destruction of evidence making up a large portion of the charges.

Former Utah Attorneys General John Swallow (pictured) and Mark Shurtleff are arrested on bribery and corruption charges, some of which are connected to Jeremy Johnson, "Black Friday" and online poker.

Former Utah Attorneys General John Swallow (pictured) and Mark Shurtleff are arrested on bribery and corruption charges, some of which are connected to Jeremy Johnson, “Black Friday” and online poker.

The relationships between the pair, in particular John Swallow, and online-poker payment processor Jeremy Johnson figure large in the charges as filed.  Johnson, whose Utah-based iWorks telemarketing empire served as the foundation for the ill-fated SunFirst Bank processing operation at the core of the United States’ “Black Friday” online poker crackdown, turned against Swallow and Shurtleff by secretly recording an hour-long conversation between himself and the then-sitting Attorney General Swallow at an Orem, Utah donut shoppe in 2012.

Johnson himself acknowledged engaging in multiple bribes and bribe attempts designed both to assist the SunFirst poker processing operation and to forestall an ongoing Federal Trade Commission case involving iWorks, his Urah-based online- and telemarketing concern.  The FTC targeted Johnson and iWorks in late 2010 in a $275 lawsuit alleging false and deceptive marketing practices and illegal credit-card billings.  The ongoing FTC case and the commingling of funds between Johnson’s iWorks and online-poker corporate entity Elite Debit are why Johnson was not named as a 12th criminal defendant in the “Black Friday” poker case.

FlushDraw has been the online-poker world’s leading outlet for news regarding the “Black Friday” legal backstory and its connections to the Utah AG office.  The following is a partial list of links to the many features we’ve offered:

Among the bribery allegations acknowledged by Johnson was a purported million-dollar payment made on behalf of Full Tilt Poker to an associate of US Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) in exchange for Reid agreeing to introduce a federal bill authorizing online-poker at the federal level.  Reid eventually did sponsor such a bill, known as the Reid-Kyl measure, though it failed to garner significant interest.  Reid himself has denied Johnson’s bribery allegations, and other online-poker figures purportedly connected to the attempt have similarly denied the allegations or have declined to discuss the issue.

Shurtleff and Swallow were both charged with receiving unreported benefits from Johnson and others, whether in exchange for favorable legal opinions or simply in support of Utah’s prominent, but often viewed as corrupt, payday-loan industry, with which the two former AGs enjoyed close connections.  Shurtleff was Utah’s longest-serving AG before resigning for personal health reasons.  Swallow, his former assistant AG and handpicked successor to the state’s top legal office, was forced to resign late last year in the face of overwhelming corruption allegations.

During the secretly taped donut shoppe meeting between Johnson and Swallow, Johnson made what could be construed as veiled threats regarding the failed bribery attempts and Swallow’s own involvement in several dubious matters.  Swallow subsequently engaged in a months-long systematic effort of deleting thousands of e-mails and meeting records from at least a half dozen different electronic devices that were the property of the state of Utah.  Among the charges brought are destruction-of-evidence counts related to this spree.

Shurtleff and Swallow were both released on their own recognizance from custody within hours of their arrests, after posting bail.  Both men proclaimed their innocence in connection with the charges, which were brought at the state level after federal investigators, in another curious exchange in which political favors were alleged, declined to conduct its own formal investigation.

The following lists the specific charges against the two former Utah legal officials:

John Swallow

  • Count 1: Pattern of Unlawful Activity
  • Count 2: Accepting a Gift (unreported, value over $1,000)
  • Count 3: Receiving or Soliciting a Bribe
  • Count 4: Receiving or Soliciting a Bribe
  • Count 5: Receiving or Soliciting a Bribe
  • Count 6: False or Inconsistent Material Statements
  • Count 7: Tampering with Evidence
  • Count 8: Tampering with Evidence
  • Count 9: Tampering with Evidence
  • Count 10: Misuse of Public Money
  • Count 11: Obstructing Justice
  • Count 12: Falsification or Alteration of Government Record
  • Count 13: Failure to Disclose Conflict of Interest


Mark Shurtleff

  • Count 1: Pattern of Unlawful Activity
  • Count 2: Receiving or Soliciting a Bribe
  • Count 3: Receiving or Soliciting a Bribe
  • Count 4: Receiving or Soliciting a Bribe
  • Count 5: Accepting a Gift (unreported, value over $1,000)
  • Count 6: Accepting a Gift (unreported, value over $1,000)
  • Count 7: Accepting Employment that would Impair Judgement
  • Count 8: Tampering with a Witness
  • Count 9: Tampering with Evidence
  • Count 10: Obstructing Justice


Eleven of the 13 charges against Swallow are felonies.  Six are second-degree and five are third-degree counts.  The remaining two charges are misdemeanors.  For Shurtleff, Swallow’s predecessor, all 10 charges are felonies, seven in the second degree and the remaining three in the third degree.

FlushDraw will return to the Utah situation with an excerpt of the charges as filed.  That excerpt, taken from the complaint against Swallowe, summarizes the Utah AG Office’s ongoing relationship with Jeremy Johnson and also includes information from the SunFirst Bank poker-processing matters.  Former Johnson associate Chad Elie is also mentioned specifically, while lobbyist John Pappas and gaming attorney A. Jeff Ifrah, both of whom met with Swallow to discuss the legalities of online-poker processing in Utah, are blind-referenced but not specifically named.



Leave a Comment



filter by

Haley Hintze

17th January 2020 // Legal News, Misc, News

Pennsylvania’s Penn National Fined for Poker Tourney Regulatory Misstep

Pennsylvania casino entity Mountainview Thoroughbred Racing Association, LLC, the parent company of the Hollywood...

Haley Hintze

16th January 2020 // Legal News, Misc, News

Failed Australian Poker Backing Deal Results in Lawsuit Against James Hopkins

Another poker story emanating from Australia in recent days is a failed backing deal in which a related team of backers...

Haley Hintze

15th January 2020 // Industry, Legal News, Misc, News

Australian Regulator Orders Blocking of Ignition Casino, Eight Other Sites

Australia’s online poker players have seemingly lost another outlet for playing their game with the news that...

Haley Hintze

14th January 2020 // Misc, News, Poker Tournaments

World Series of Poker Announces 2020 ‘Championship’ Event Slate

The World Series of Poker (WSOP) has continued fleshing out the 2020 WSOP schedule of events. In recent days, after two...

Haley Hintze

11th January 2020 // Industry, Misc, News

Global Poker Awards Announces 2020 Voting Process, Expands Categories

The poker world’s largest celebration of its own, the Global Poker Awards, has announced more details for its...

Dan Katz

11th January 2020 // News, Online Poker Action

It Could Maybe Happen: 25-Cent Pokerstars Spin & Go’s Have a $1 Million Jackpot Chance This Weekend

The great advantage to being a micro- to low-stakes online poker player, as I was when I was able to regularly play...